Dr. Pallavi Sule, Mumbai based dermatologist and aesthetic physician explains, “The baldness seen in men is called androgenetic alopecia.This is the most common cause of hair loss in about 50% of the population. In men, it presents as progressive involvement of the different areas of the scalp. Starting from the frontal, temporal, mid scalp then vertex. Androgenetic alopecia is hormone dependent and genetically mediated disorder.”
Reasons for hair fall and thinning
Faulty diet: Having a proper balanced diet will improve the thickness, make them healthy and also prevent any reverse balding to an extent.
Lifestyle habits: Irregular sleep patterns, diet and habits like smoking also affect hair growth.
Overuse or incorrect use of hair care products: Styling tools and devices are not so good for the hair. While they get the job done temporarily but every time they ruin the texture of your hair.
Stress: The mental burden not only affects your health in different ways but plays a vital role in hair loss. Stress also ruins the texture of your hair
Active infection on scalp: Consult an expert to avoid any infection on the scalp which in turn affects the hair growth
Treatment of hair loss and baldness
For males having male patterned hair loss or receding hairline, the line of treatment will depend on the time one has in hand. Usual approach is to start treatment as follows:
Line of prevention
A tight tug on your hair might cause the bond between your hair and scalp to loosen up. You should also avoid wearing hairstyles that can cause this, such as braids, ponytails, and cornrows. Use a natural fiber brush with gentle bristles to brush your hair. When washing your hair, choose gentle shampoos and conditioners that don’t include harsh chemicals. Stop use of heat styling products at once.
Home remedies for hair fall
Numerous herbs and home medicines, such as fenugreek, amla, shikakai, and brahmi, aid in hair maintenance and encourage hair growth. Aside from this, utilizing rosemary extract has been shown to somewhat reduce hair loss. Hair oils like almond and olive oil, as well as natural hair treatments, can be used to massage the scalp in an effort to stimulate it and reduce hair loss.
Medical line of treatment
First line of defense is to follow nutritional therapy for hair specific multivitamins. Many people resort to hair growth serums containing peptides like- procapil, anagain, capixyl, keratin etc Minoxidil 5% solution slows, further thinning of the hair, increases coverage of hair on scalp, also maintains current hair density.
Low level light therapy (LLLT)
This acts by reduction of inflammation around hair bulb and thus promotes hair growth.
Mesotherapy with microneedling
Microneedling releases growth factors in the scalp so as to stimulate the follicular stem cell activation.
Platelet rich plasma
Platelet rich plasma is an autologous preparation from patients own blood that contain platelets in the concentrated form up to 5 times more than in the circulation. This increases the hair shaft diameter.
Hair restoration surgery or hair transplantation
This is the most effective treatment option for male pattern baldness. This helps in recontouring the receding hairline and replacing hairs in permanent bald regions.
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