The Queen has been the longest reigning monarch in British history. She has sadly passed away aged 96.
After a member of the Royal Family dies, there are many traditions and protocols that must be followed concerning funeral arrangements.
Although it is not completely certain what the Queen’s funeral will look like, it is expected to be not unlike the funerals held for past British monarchs, such as the Queen’s father, King George VI.
Funerals for top members of the Royal Family, such as the Queen and Prince Philip, are planned months in advance of their death.
When the Queen died, Operation London Bridge was called, giving British officials the signal that the monarch’s funeral – as well as other preparations – were ready to go ahead.
Her coffin, lying on a raised box known as the catafalque in the middle of Westminster Hall, will be open to the public for 23 hours a day.
Following this, the funeral will be held in Westminster Abbey in 10 days’ time, with processions taking place in London and Windsor.
There will be a two minute’s silence across the nation at midday, and, later, a committal service in St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle.
The Queen will then be buried in the castle’s King George VI Memorial Chapel.
Big Ben will chime at 9am on the day, and the crown jewels will be cleaned around the same time.
The Queen’s funeral and Charles’ coronation will become national holidays.
The London Stock Exchange will close.
It is currently unknown what will now happen to the British economy, but the national holidays will reportedly result in an estimated economic hit to gross domestic product (GDP) OF £1.2billion to £6billion, according to Business Insider.
With the death of Queen Elizabeth II comes the beginning of a new era for the United Kingdom and then countries of the Commonwealth.
With Charles as King, Camilla will become Princess Consort – a title decided upon before her marriage to Charles in 2005 – and William and Kate will be given the titles of the Prince and Princess of Wales.