How to choose the best sunscreen for your skin type | Health News

New Delhi: A sunscreen is your best friend, whether you’re stepping out shopping or going about your work and chores, it protects your skin from harmful UVA/UVB rays and pollution that cause damage in any and every season.

Not only outdoors, sunscreens plays a crucial role in protecting your skin while you are indoors from UVA rays which enter through standard glass windows and can penetrate deeper into the skin than UVB rays, becoming a contributing factor to photo-aging — which are changes seen as dark spots, wrinkles, and leathery textured skin.

Broadly there are four types of skin and to choose the best sunscreen it’s very important to know your skin type. This can be done by washing your face with the help of a gentle cleanser. This will wash away the makeup, pollutants and other dirt. Wait for an hour and make sure that you do not touch your face. Your skin should return to its natural state which will help to determine the type of your skin. Take a tissue paper and dab your face. The area consisting of your forehead and nose must be the place where you concentrate.

* Normal Skin: If your skin shows no oil or no flaking and it feels smooth and supple, you have a normal skin type

* Oily Skin: If there is lots of grease on the tissue paper, then you have an oily skin type. It is common that you might have a shine and large pores

* Dry Skin: If the tissue paper is accompanied by lots of flakes and dead skin, then your skin is dry. You need to consider moisturizing your skin

* Combination: Any combination of the above-mentioned skin types is a combination skin type. This is a very common skin type. Your skin is generally oily in the forehead and nose area and dry elsewhere.

Now that you know your skin type, it’s easy to choose the perfect SPF Sunscreen for yourself. If you have dry skin, look for a sunscreen with a moisturiser or sunscreens that contain hydrating ingredients (ceramides or hyaluronic acid).

If you have oily skin type, creamy sunscreens can usually feel sticky and heavy. Opt in for water-based or a lightweight formula sunscreen which is considered ideal for oily skin type.

If you’re blessed with normal, uncomplicated skin, your choice is easy. Any high-quality sunscreen will work for you, whether spray, cream or stick.

Along with the SPF factor it is equally important to look at the PA factor. SPF is a grade used to rate the level of UVB protection. The higher the number, the higher the UVB protection.

PA is a grade used to rate the level of UVA protection. The more “+” symbols, the higher the UVA protection.

Typical sunscreens offer protection from mostly UVB Rays. UVB Rays burn your skin while UVA rays cause skin aging and age spots when your skin is overexposed. A broad spectrum sunscreen or a full spectrum sunscreen protects you from both.

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Hawaii considers ban on certain sunscreens to protect coral reefs

Hawaii considers ban on certain sunscreens to protect coral reefs – CBS News

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Hawaiian lawmakers are considering a ban on some popular sunscreens to protect coral reefs. Researchers found that oxybenzone, a UV filtering ingredient commonly found in lotions, harms the coral. Carter Evans got a firsthand look at the issue near Kona, Hawaii.

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Skin and Hair Care Tips to Follow Before Playing With Colours

Holi is here and so are you worries about how to play with colours without damaging your skin and hair. The dry and wet colours used while playing this fun festival come with some harmful synthetic ingredients that may leave some damaging effects on your skin. However, with the ever evolving world of skincare, you do not need to fret.

Here are some ways you can go all in while playing with colours and splashing the water balloons:

If you are preparing to get all coloured with the gulal on Holi day, it is advised that you start one day before. Apply body oil all over. The oil does two things — first it provides deep nourishment to your exposed skin and second it acts as a shield for your hair and skin. The synthetic pigments of gulal and wet colours will not be able to penetrate the sensitive layers.

Besides applying oil one day before playing holi, one should also apply a layer of vaseline and body oil on the face and other exposed areas, especially the eye area and the eyelashes.

One should opt for full-sleeve clothes and try to cover most of the body area with a cloth to expose the least amount of skin to the colours. If you happen to have sensitive skin, then use organic colours or herbal colours like haldi, or gulal and do not forget to moisturise and oil your skin and hair, respectively.

After you are done playing with holi, use a gentle face and body wash all over the body. Use a loofah to gently scrub the skin to get rid of the colors. After you are done cleaning, apply a nourishing body lotion and face moisturizer as the skin is prone to become dry due to excess color and sun exposure.

For hair, use a shampoo to rinse the color off. Make sure you apply conditioner on the lengths of hair after you are done washing. Leave the conditioner on for a couple of minutes and then rinse with cold water.

For coloured hair, use colour protect conditioner and shampoo. If you have undergone a rebonding treatment three days before holi, then do not even plan to play it. While for those with rebonding treatment whose hair has been set, make sure you use shampoo and conditioner made for chemically treated hair.

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5 Reasons You Need Sunscreens During the Winter Season

Putting on a thick layer of sunscreen before you step out makes perfect sense during summers. After all, the sun is at its harshest during the summer months, not to mention the dehydrating effect summer heat has on your skin. And so, everyone knows that getting a moisturizer with an SPF above 15 is a must for summers.

But did you know that putting on a similarly thick layer of sunscreen that’s SPF 15 or above is a must for winters too? In fact, applying a thick and creamy moisturizer and then putting on sunscreen should be a daily part of your winter skincare routine. In case you’re wondering why, here are some reasons for this:

1. Thin ozone means more UV

You may not know this but the ozone layer is at its thinnest during winter. This invariably means that the ozone layer will absorb less ultraviolet (UV) rays during this season and your risk of UV exposure will increase substantially. A sunscreen with high SPF is, therefore, your best bet against UV exposure during winter.

2. Harsh winds and low moisture

The reason most people tend to have dry skin during winters is that there’s low moisture in the atmosphere and the cold winter winds are harsh. This drains the moisture off your skin, increasing the risk of wrinkles, cracks and infections. Using a moisturizing sunscreen is a good way to restore the moisture levels of your skin.

3. Cancer risks don’t go down in winter

Winter might mean less sunlight but sun damage can still occur. Exposure to UV rays is much higher during winter, which increases the risks of sunburns, spots and therefore might increase the chances of skin cancer too. UV exposure is specifically linked to melanoma, which is the deadliest form of skin cancer. Putting on a thick layer of sunscreen can reduce these risks substantially.

4. Sunscreen wears off faster during winters

You might think sweating makes sunscreen last for less time during summer, but this problem persists during winter too. Winter winds and sudden rains can easily degrade the layer of sunscreen you applied in the morning and the lack of moisture in the air also makes your skin feel drier. This calls for repeated application of sunscreen during winter days too.

5. Indoor lights also cause UV exposure

There might be less sunlight during winter, which calls of greater use of electric lights. But did you know that ambient, blue and infrared lights also emit UV rays? Increased exposure to UV rays can also cause skin damage and increase the risk of skin cancer. It is therefore important to apply a layer of sunscreen even if you’re indoors during the winter season.

For more information, read our article on What to apply on the skin during winters.

Health articles on News18 are written by, India’s first and biggest resource for verified medical information. At myUpchar, researchers and journalists work with doctors to bring you information on all things health.

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Coronavirus pandemic: Winter is coming, get a new hobby – more lifestyle

Howard Schultz once described Starbucks as a “third place.” Unlike home or work, both of which are full of obligations — dinners to be cooked, TPS reports to be filed — Starbucks offered pure relaxation: a place to sit and not do anything. These days, many of us are stuck without even a second place. We live and work at home. And although Covid-19 vaccines seem just over the horizon, we’re going to be stuck at home for several more months. Many offices remain closed. And third places such as gyms, restaurants and hotels present the highest danger of large Covid outbreaks, researchers have just confirmed.

To stay sane during this time, then, we need a way of creating new mental spaces. I’ve written before about how to keep your work-from-home headspace separate from your live-at-home headspace. But two mental spaces aren’t enough. You need a third — a place that’s not work, and that isn’t caregiving or cleaning.

Enter: the hobby. A hobby is a pastime that is neither entirely productive nor entirely passive. You don’t make money off your hobby — otherwise, it would be more fairly called a side hustle. But it does require a little active effort. Watching TV is not a hobby; writing a blog about TV is.

And yet watching TV is how Americans spend more than half their leisure time — two hours and 47 minutes every day, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ American Time Use Survey. And that was before the pandemic. After a long day of staring at a computer screen, there is just something a bit unfulfilling about staring at another, even bigger screen.

Watching hours of TV isn’t good for your brain, and binge-viewing has been associated with loneliness and depression, two things no one needs more of. Scrolling social media for hours is just as bad. It takes something a little more active to take our minds off our troubles.

Hobbies, on the other hand, are good for us. A 2016 study of elderly Japanese people found that having hobbies was positively associated with greater longevity. Multiple studies have found correlations between hobbies and reduced stress. Creative hobbies such as drawing, playing music or creative writing may be especially beneficial for beating burnout.

Curious to know how the pandemic had affected my own hobbies, I took one of the assessments that many of these studies use — something called the Pittsburgh Enjoyable Activities Test. Easily findable online, it asks how often you do things like engage in hobbies, clubs or sports, and how often you spend quiet time alone, go out to eat with friends or visit relatives. I filled it out twice — once thinking about my life now, and once remembering what it was like before the pandemic. (I realize retrospective studies aren’t always the best, but we work with what we’ve got.) I was somewhat surprised to find that my PEAT score is a lot better now. Although there are entire categories of things that are off the table — going out for meals with friends, for example — I’m much more likely to engage in a smaller subset of activities on daily basis, as opposed to “occasionally” or “never.” What’s gone is the variety — I just do the same activities every day. Every. Single. Day.

And that’s because the pandemic has narrowed the scope of what’s possible. Choir rehearsal is out. Sci-fi conventions have been canceled. Travel is a nonstarter. The arrival of winter in the Northern Hemisphere means many outdoor activities such as bicycling and gardening will soon be off the table, too. And winter sports? Well, knowing that Covid spread in resort towns last winter, I’m not eager to get back on the ski lift.

The human mind thrives on a certain amount of variety, as my colleague Ferdinando Giugliano has observed. So we need some new activities to get us through this tough winter. If jigsaw puzzles and baking projects have lost their appeal, how about drawing or creative writing? Or calligraphy, birding, horology, flower arranging, archery? YouTube is full of tutorials, whether for playing an instrument or tying a fly.

Part of the joy of hobbies is finding a new community, and while in-person communities are still out of bounds, there are subreddits and Facebook pages for all sorts of leisure activities. A number of clubs and associations, such as the New York Adventure Club and the Royal Oak Society, are offering lectures over Zoom — usually for a nominal fee. No hobby is too geeky to be without some sort of organized, and now probably virtual, group.

Some might feel too busy for a hobby. But taking half an hour to glue together a model airplane or photograph your neighborhood makes the day feel more spacious, not more rushed. We get to think of ourselves not only as workers, parents or partners, but as beekeepers, quilters, geocachers.

Consider it a form of self-diversification — and diversification is always a prudent bet in an uncertain environment. If you spend the next six months trying your hand at something new, you probably won’t regret it.

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